|Born||( 1941-07-04 ) July 4, 1941
|Died||November 12, 2012 (2012-11-12) (aged 71)
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Height||5 ft 10 in (178 cm)|
|Weight||245 lb (111 kg)|
|Pro-debut||1966 Mr. World, 1966|
|Best win||IFBB Mr. Olympia 1967-1969, three consecutive times, 1968 uncontested and unchallenged|
|Active||1962 — 1985|
Sergio Oliva (July 4, 1941 – November 12, 2012) was a Cuban bodybuilder known as "The Myth". This sobriquet was reportedly given to him by bodybuilder/writer Rick Wayne but Oliva himself has doubted this claim.  Supposedly Wayne had begun calling Oliva "Champagne" because everyone who saw him at the 1967 Montreal World’s Fair said he was "Just unbelievable". 
Early life [ edit ]
Oliva was born in Cuba on July 4, 1941. At 12, he worked with his father in the sugar cane fields of Guanabacoa. When Oliva was 16, his father suggested that he enlist in Fulgencio Batista’s army. In the absence of a birth certificate, the recruiting officer took the senior Oliva’s word that his son was old enough to enlist in the fight against communism.
After losing the war to Fidel Castro, Oliva stayed in Cuba and took to hanging out at the beach. There, he met a fellow beachgoer who invited him to the local weightlifting club. After just six months of training Oliva was doing clean and jerks with over 300 lb and totaling 1000 lb in the three major lifts at a bodyweight of 195 lb, considered a middle-heavyweight.
In 1962, the National Weightlifting Championship for Cuba was won by Alberto Rey Games Hernandez; Sergio Oliva took second place. Because Games received an injury, Oliva was chosen to represent Cuba at the 1962 Central American and Caribbean Games hosted in Kingston, Jamaica.
During his stay in Jamaica, Oliva snuck out of his quarters while the guards were distracted. He ran at top speed until he was safely inside the American consulate. Arriving breathlessly, he demanded and received political asylum. Soon, 65 other Cuban nationals followed him, including Castro’s entire weightlifting team and their security guards. Soon afterward, Oliva was living in Miami, Florida, working as a TV repairman. 
Life in the United States [ edit ]
In 1963 Oliva moved to Chicago, Illinois. There he worked at a local steel mill and began working out at the Duncan YMCA. Working 10- to 12-hour days at the steel mill and putting in another 2.5–3 hours at the gym gave Oliva very little time for anything else. Soon the bodybuilding grapevine was abuzz with gossip about a Cuban powerhouse who lifted more than any of the local Olympic champs. Oliva won his first bodybuilding competition, the Mr. Chicagoland contest, in 1963. He was successful again at the Mr. Illinois in 1964, but he lost in 1965 at the AAU Mr. America, winning 2nd place even though he won the trophy for "Most Muscular." In 1966, he won the AAU Jr. Mr. America, and lost at the AAU Mr. America again taking 2nd place although once again he claimed the trophy for "Most Muscular". He then joined the International Federation of BodyBuilders IFBB in which he won both the professional Mr. World and Mr. Universe Contests. In 1967, he won the prestigious Mr. Olympia contest.
Oliva then went on to win the Mr. Olympia title three years in a row, at 5 feet 10 inches and at a contest weight of 225-245lbs. Oliva’s 1968 Mr Olympia win was uncontested. In 1969, he won his third consecutive Mr. Olympia by beating a Mr. Europe, a Mr. International, and four-time Mr. Universe winner Arnold Schwarzenegger. In his 1977 autobiography, "Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder", Arnold tells of their first encounter: "Then for the first time, I saw Sergio Oliva in person. I understood why they called him "the Myth". It was as jarring as if I’d walked into a wall. He destroyed me. He was so huge, he was so fantastic, there was no way I could even think of beating him. I admitted my defeat and felt some of my pump go away. I tried. But I’d been so taken back by my first sight of Sergio Oliva that I think I settled for 2nd place before we walked out on the stage. I never like to admit defeat, but I thought Sergio was better. There were no two ways about it." 
However, Schwarzenegger won his first Mr. Olympia title by edging the Myth the following year with a score of 4-3. Oliva was banned from competing in the 1971 IFBB Mr. Olympia because he competed in the 1971 NABBA Mr. Universe. This was extremely controversial because Schwarzenegger had competed for this very same contest the year before and without Sergio to challenge Arnold, some felt that the contest was fixed. "I’d coasted to my second title as Mr.Olympia, in Paris in 1971. The only possible challenger had been Sergio — nobody else was in my league — and he’d been barred from the contest, along with others, because of a dispute between federations."  Oliva was permitted to simply guest pose at the 1971 Mr Olympia. After this setback, Oliva was fiercely determined to beat Arnold Schwarzenegger and prove once and for all that he was the world’s greatest bodybuilder.
In 1972, under the High Intensity Training (HIT) system of Arthur Jones, the designer of Nautilus training equipment, Oliva challenged Schwarzenegger for the 1972 Olympia in Essen Germany. By all accounts, Sergio was in his all-time greatest shape and completely confident he would regain the Mr. Olympia title. Arnold beat Sergio into 2nd place and was crowned Mr Olympia yet again. He said "In Essen, it seemed like all the top Bodybuilders turned up at their very best except for me. Sergio was back, even more impressive than I remembered."  "Compared with all of the other Bodybuilders I’ve ever faced, Sergio really was in a class by himself. I was struck by that again the minute we were onstage. It was so hard to look impressive next to him with those incredible thighs, that impossibly tiny waist, those incredible triceps." 
After being disqualified from the 1973 IFBB Mr. International that Sergio actually won [ citation needed ] , he severed all ties with the Joe Weider controlled IFBB and continued competing for other world bodybuilding federations. He won the World BodyBuilding Guild (WBBG) Mr. Galaxy in 1972 and 1973, the WBBG Mr. Olympus in 1975, 1976 and 1978, the WABBA Professional World Championships in 1977 and 1980, and the WABBA Professional World Cup in 1980 and 1981. After a 12-year hiatus from the IFBB, Oliva was invited back to the IFBB and came out of retirement to compete in the 1984 Mr. Olympia. Finishing in eighth place, "the Myth" still sported an extremely impressive physique and V-taper.
In 1985, at the age of 44, Oliva returned for an attempt at the famed Mr. Olympia title one last time. He could manage just an 8th-place finish, the same as the year before. Robert Kennedy, publisher of the magazine MuscleMag International, wrote, "Anyone who loves the sport of bodybuilding knows the name of Sergio Oliva, known as ‘the Myth’. I greatly admired him and consider him to be the all-time world’s greatest physique. I saw him in competition many times, including his shows against Arnold. There is no doubt that with his wide shoulders and narrow hip structure he was superior to any other Bodybuilder of his generation. Sergio was not only the most aesthetic bodybuilder on stage but also the biggest. Sergio Oliva is considered by most to be the world’s most genetically gifted bodybuilder. He set a whole new standard for competitive bodybuilding; loved by millions, revered by many and feared by some. He was so huge and extremely proportioned that he used to bring chills to his adversaries. This is how he acquired the name of the Myth." 
Personal [ edit ]
- He served the city of Chicago as a police officer for more than 25 years.
- In 1986, Sergio survived being shot by his then-wife Arleen Garrett. He sustained 5 bullet wounds to his abdomen from a ‘.38’ special. 
- His son, Sergio Oliva Jr, is following in his father’s footsteps into competitive bodybuilding in Chicago, Illinois.
- Oliva co-starred with Mil Máscaras in a Mexican wrestling movie in 1975 called El Poder Negro (Black Power), in which he played a super-strong dockworker who runs afoul of the local crime syndicate and helps Mil Máscaras to bring them to justice. His co-star was Venezuelan actress and singer Lila Morillo. 
- In 1977, Oliva starred in a second Mexican action film (this time a wrestling/ western hybrid) called Los Temibles ("The Fearful Ones") aka El centauro negro.
- The character Biscuit Oliva in the Japanese manga and anime Baki the Grappler was closely based on Oliva’s real-life personality and appearance.
Death [ edit ]
Sergio Oliva died on November 12, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois from apparent kidney failure. He was 71. He was the first Mr. Olympia to have died, followed by Larry Scott on March 8, 2014 and Franco Columbu on August 30, 2019. 
Серджио Олива один из тех бодибилдеров, для которых спорт не просто профессиональное увлечение, а основа, стержень всей его жизни. По мнению многих людей, еще с самого своего появления на свет ему было предначертано судьбой стать в будущем известным бодибилдером.
Биография Серджио Оливы
Его появление на свет произошло в 1941 году на Острове Свободы. Умер Серджио 12 ноября 2013 в возрасте 71 года. Причиной смерти стала почечная недостаточность.
Родился Олива на Кубе (Cuba). В 12 лет он работал с отцом на плантациях сахарного тростника в Гуанабакоа (Guanabacoa). В 16 лет Серхио по совету отца вступил в ряды армии Фульхенсио Батисты (Fulgencio Batista); свидетельства о рождении у него не имелось, но офицер-рекрутер поверил Оливе-старшему на слово, когда тот заявил, что его сын вполне подходит по возрасту для борьбы с коммунизмом. Борьба эта, впрочем, успехом не увенчалась; после того, как Фидель Кастро (Fidel Castro) одержал уверенную победу, Олива оставил армию. Некоторое время он не занимался ничем конкретным, проводя много времени на местном пляже; именно здесь он познакомился с неким человеком, пригласившим Оливу в расположенный неподалеку клуб тяжелоатлетов.
Рост: 178 см
Соревновательный вес: 102 кг
Окружность бицепса: 54 см
Окружность грудной клетки: 140 см
Окружность талии: 75 см
Окружность бедра: 73 см
Голень: 47 см
В среде бодибилдеров получил прозвище Миф за свои фантастические объемы.
Серджио Олива и Бодибилдинг
В 1961 году, в двадцатилетнем возрасте, он стал лучшим бодибилдером острова Кубы. Участие в «Pan American Games» и победа на этом турнире дала ему возможность переехать в Соединенные Штаты Америки, что стало переломным моментом в его карьере как спортсмена. Для этого он попросил у Америки политического убежища, которое ему и было предоставлено. С этого момента он перебирается жить в Чикаго, где впервые Серджио сталкивается с культуризмом.
Несмотря на хорошую спортивную форму, Олива также осознавал, что он еще не готов к профессиональным культуристским соревнованиям, так как он до этого практически не занимался бодибилдингом. Поэтому покорение Олимпа бодибилдинга Сержио отодвинул до 1965 года. Но это того стоило. В течении короткого периода времени он завоевал главные титулы США, мира, а также победил на «Мистер Олимпия». Никому не известный беженец с Кубы за короткий период времени он добился всех высших титулов в бодибилдинге. Еще через год ему также удалось победить на главном турнире для культуристов – профессионалов. Но это была его последнее крупное достижение. На тот момент уже начал себя проявлять молодой австрийский культурист, в будущем известный актер, Арнольд Шварценеггер.
Еще через 3 года он возвращается на главный турнир, но достигнуть там каких-то значительных результатов ему уже было не под силу. Это послужило переломным моментом в его спортивной карьере. Он понял, что в профессиональном культуризме ему уже ничего значительного не добиться. После этих соревнований Серджио покидает профессиональный культуризм и начинает свою тренерскую карьеру.
Еще дважды, в 1970 и 1972 году он поднимался на вторую ступень пьедестала «Мистера Олимпии». Также он неоднократно становился лучшим культуристом за все время существования бодибилдинга.
Sergio Oliva Jr is a professional bodybuilder from the United States. He’s the son of the legendary 3-time Mr. Olympia Sergio Oliva, also known as The Myth.
Growing up, Sergio Jr wasn’t very involved in bodybuilding. His father was against Sergio Jr following in his footsteps; advising him to do other sports and disciplines, mostly athletics.
However, over time, Sergio Jr became obsessed with the bodybuilding lifestyle. So much so, that he decided to go against his father’s advice, and set about becoming a bodybuilder.
Sergio Jr hasn’t looked back ever since he made this decision to dedicate his life to bodybuilding. He’s since won numerous amateur, and professional shows – establishing himself as a household name in the bodybuilding industry.
This is his story:
“It’s a proven fact: the uglier the face you make the more gains you get. “
|Full Name: Sergio Oliva Jr|
|Weight||Height||Age||Date of Birth|
|255 — 265lbs (115.7 — 120.2kg)||6′ (183cm)||35||October 20, 1984|
|American||Professional Bodybuilder||2000, 2010|
|Weight||255 — 265lbs (115.7 — 120.2kg)|
|Date of Birth||October 20, 1984|
“In the end we only regret the chances we didn’t take. Life’s too short to worry about the stupid little things. I’m done with pointless drama in my life. Any one of us could be gone tomorrow and we’ll look back at how much time we wasted on bullshit. “
- 2006 Southern USA Middleweight 3rd place
- 2007 Southern USA Lightheavy 4th place
- 2007 Panhandle showdown light heavy 1st place
- 2008 Mr. Northwest Florida Heavyweight 1st place and overall
- 2008 Southern USA Heavyweight 2nd place
- 2009 Jr Nationals Heavyweight 5th place
- 2010 Southern USA Superheavy 1st place & overall
- 2012 Midwest Ironman Heavyweight 1st place & Overall
- 2014 Jr Nationals Superheavy 3rd place
- 2015 NPC USA Championships Superheavy 2nd place
- 2015 NPC Nationals Superheavy 1st place & Overall
- 2016 Pittsburgh Pro, Men’s Physique, Guest Posing
- 2017 New York Pro, IFBB Pro Open, 1st place
“Do the best you can until you know better. Then when you know better, do better. Genetics have nothing to do with hard work.”
Bodybuilding in the Family
Born and raised in Chicago, Sergio Oliva Jr first experienced bodybuilding as a little child. His father, the legendary 3x Mr. Olympia Sergio Oliva, held him in his arms while performing on the stage.
Sergio Jr’s mother was also an accomplished bodybuilder. She had three female bodybuilding world champion titles, and one Mrs. America title.
However, Sergio Jr didn’t follow in his parents’ footsteps from the start. In fact, his father was against him training with weights and competing in bodybuilding.
“Not only did he not want me to compete, but he didn’t even want me to start working out, lifting weights, none of it. He felt I should focus on other things instead,” Sergio Jr said. It’s for that reason that he mainly focused on athletics and other sports during his schooling years.
Sergio Oliva Jr as a child, sitting in his father’s lap.
Innate Passion for Weightlifting
Although Sergio Jr was quite successful in his athletics career, he also had a growing passion for bodybuilding. Which became stronger and stronger over the years.
Eventually, Sergio Jr decided he would listen to his intuition instead of his father’s advice, and become a bodybuilder. As Sergio Jr’s said; “I was pretty set that this was what I wanted to do with my life though, so I did it anyway.”
When he first began training, Sergio Jr was 20 years old and 140 lbs heavy. However, just three months later, he added an incredible 30 pounds of muscle to his frame.
Sergio was extremely passionate about bodybuilding, and he also had invaluable mentorship from his father. It’s for that reason he progressed extremely quickly in the gym. In his words;“When I set my mind to doing something, I’m going to find a way to do it so there was no stopping me.”
Just one year after his start in bodybuilding, Sergio Jr took part in his first show. It was the 2006 Southern USA contest, where Sergio Jr took 3rd place in the Middleweight category.
His first victory came in 2007, when he won the Panhandle Showdown in the light heavy division.
For the next eight years, Sergio competed in the same number of shows. His best results included winning the 2008 Mr. Northwest Florida, 2010 Southern USA Championships, and the 2012 Midwest Ironman show.
After his last show in 2014, Sergio took almost an entire year off to prepare for his ultimate challenge – Pro Card qualification.
One year later, he came with his best version; winning the 2015 NPC Nationals and earning the long-awaited Professional status.
Sergio Jr’s Pro Career
Impressively, Sergio followed his amateur NPC success by another victory; this time at the professional IFBB stage. It was the 2017 New York Pro, where Sergio once again proved himself.
Sergio Jr’s success in bodybuilding didn’t go unnoticed. In fact, shortly after winning the New York Pro. Sergio Jr was invited to participate in the elite Arnold Classic contest by the Austrian Oak himself.
Leaving a Legacy
With an already long list of achievements under his belt, Sergio Jr continues to achieve greatness in bodybuilding.
His goal is to leave his own mark in the sport of bodybuilding – just like his father, Sergio Oliva “The Myth” did.
“Bodybuilders today have too many ‘Yes Men’ in their lives. Go get you a person who tell’s you the truth and what you need to hear and not what you want to hear. Then you can truly be a champion. ‘Heroes get remembered, but legends never die.’”
Mixing Training Up
Sergio Jr often mixes up his training routines, just like most professional bodybuilders. He prefers pyramid training, heavy volume, and using free weights.
On Sergio’s first training day of the week, he usually trains his favorite body part. Which are his legs, or back. But just like with everything else in his training. Sergio Jr will change this from time to time, and train other body parts on this day as well.
One thing that almost never changes however, is Sergio’s training intensity. Most of the time, Sergio Jr trains to the point of failure, and even goes past it – using super sets, drop sets, and forced reps to increase the intensity.
His rest between sets is 60 seconds at most, sometimes even less than that.
Sergio Oliva Jr Workout Routine
- Incline Db press 5 sets 8-12 reps
- Flat Bb 5 sets 10-12 reps
- Incline smith machine 3 sets 10-15 reps
- Decline Bb 4 sets 8-12 reps
- Weighted dips 3 sets till failure
- Incline Db flyes 4 sets 10-15 reps
- Cable Flyes 3 sets till failure
Tuesday – Quads
- Leg extensions (toes up) 4 sets 10-15 reps
- Squats 5 sets 8-12 reps
- Leg press 5 sets 8-15 reps
- Hack squats 3 sets 10-15 reps
- Leg ext. (toes down) 3 sets till burnout finish with a drop set.
- Walking lunges (length of gym)
- Leg ext. (toes down) 3 sets till burnout finish with a drop set.
Wednesday – Back
- Pull-ups 4sets 8-12 reps
- Deadlifts 5sets 8-12 reps
- BB rows 4 sets 8-12 reps
- T-Bar rows 3 sets 10-12 reps
- Seated cable row 3 sets 10-12 reps
- Lat pulldown 4 sets 10-12 reps
- Straight arm push downs 3 sets till failure
Thursday – Abs and Hamstrings
- Seated leg curl 4 sets 10-15 reps
- Stiff legged dead lifts 5 sets 8-12 reps
- Lying leg curl 3 sets 10-15 reps
- One leg curl 3 sets 10-15 reps
- Crunches and Hanging Leg Raises for Abs
Friday – Shoulders
- Military press 5sets 8-12 reps
- Seated Db press 4 sets 10-12 reps
- Hammer strength machine 3 sets 10-12 reps
- Db side raise 3 sets 10-15 reps, U
- Upright row on smith machine 3 sets 10-15 reps
- Db rear delt on incline bench 3 sets 10-15 reps
- Reverse chest machine rear delt 3 sets till failure
Saturday – Biceps and Triceps
- Preacher curls 4 sets 10-12 reps
- Seated Db curl 3 sets 10-12 reps
- Standing Bb curl 3 sets 10-12 reps
- Hammer curls 3 sets 10-12 reps
- Machine curls till failure
- Skullcrushers 4 sets 10-12 reps
- Hammer strength dip press 4 sets 10-12 reps
- Overhead rope ext. 3 sets 10-15 reps
- Db kickbacks 3 sets 10-15 reps
- Cable pushdowns 3 sets till failure
Favorite Body Parts and Exercises
Sergio Jr’s favorite body parts are his legs and back. And his favorite exercises are squats, T-bar rows, and deadlifts.
When he first began training, Sergio had difficulties growing his back. However, after incorporating compound free-weight exercises like deadlifts and weighted pull-ups, his back ‘exploded‘ into growth.
“Being a IFBB Pro means dealing with outside shit and not letting it effect your prep. But Being an IFBB Pro ALSO means being a master of manipulating your body to the timing where your on stage. Only if you compete do you know the dreadful saying ‘Man I looked better the day before/after my show’.”
Learning About Correct Nutrition
Growing up with parents who were highly involved in bodybuilding. Sergio Jr learned a lot about correct nutrition from an early age.
He learned that in order to build muscle and lose fat, he would need to eat a lot of proteins and healthy fats, and minimize simple carb intake.
Nowadays, Sergio combines the use of protein shakes and supplements with a clean diet to achieve the best results on the stage.
Alongside nutritious and protein rich foods, Sergio Jr also takes supplements such as BCAAs, carbohydrate supplement, protein powder, pre workouts, glutamine, arginine, and creatine.
Sergio Oliva Jr Meal and Supplementation Plan
- 1st Meal – 10 eggs, 7 white, and 3 whole
- 2nd Meal – protein shake with carb supplement, creatine, glutamine, and BCAAs
- 3rd Meal – 8 oz chicken breast, 2 cups brown rice, and 1 cup spinach
- 4th Meal (Pre workout) – Pre-workout, carb supplement, BCAAs
- 5th Meal (Post workout) – Whey Protein, Glutamine, Creatine, BCAAs, Carb supplement
- 6th Meal – 3 tilapia fillets, sweet potato, and asparagus
- 7th Meal – 10 eggs, 7 white, and 3 whole
- 8th Meal – Whey Protein Shake
“Life moves fast—if you don’t stop every once in a while to look around, it’s gone before you know it.”
Idols and Influences
Sergio’s biggest idol and influence in his career and life is his father – Sergio Oliva. Through his accomplishments in bodybuilding, Sergio Jr hopes to continue the legacy his father left.
Another influence in Sergio’s bodybuilding journey is Arnold Schwarzenegger, who was a good friend of his father.
“When people talk about ‘Their Rock’ they are always referring to their spouse. But in my life, ‘My Rock’ is my best friend. She’s the only person who hasn’t ever left or abandoned me in my whole life.
Look, to be in my life is easy but to stay in my life, I’ve learned apparently is very hard and takes the utmost strength to deal with not only me but all the bad situations I get myself into.”
What we can learn from Sergio Oliva Jr
Sergio Oliva Jr’s approach to bodybuilding and his work ethic allowed him to win many trophies in his career. He initially planned on doing athletics, but he gradually transitioned to bodybuilding; following in his father’s footsteps.
What we can learn from Sergio Oliva Jr is: sometimes it might be worth listening to your ‘gut feeling’ and doing what it tells you. For Sergio, it told him that he should become a bodybuilder. He listened to his feeling, and in turn, he became a successful bodybuilder.
If you ever feel a strong desire to do something, and you aren’t sure if it’s a smart decision. Remember Sergio Oliva Jr. He followed his intuition, and it led him to a life full of success and joy.